US Navy’s Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) released the report: The People’s Liberation Army Navy: A Mordern Navy with Chinese, on Nov. 23, saying that China’s Jin-SSBN, for the first, is capable to launch second nuclear attack, but its big noise would easily be found and be attacked by US and Japan who has powerful anti-submarine capabilities. US nuclear weapon expert Hans M. Kristensen wrote an article on FAS said that this is the first time that the US officially published a fair comparison between Chinese and Russian submarines. The report also stated that the JL-2 sea-launched ballistic missiles on Jin-SSBN “is capable of reaching the continental United States from Chinese littorals.”
The report said that the number of submarines in China will reach 75 in 10 to 15 years. The construction goal of Chinese navy is to acquire advanced weapon and sensor-based system and carry out long-term patrol in ocean to avoid the detection from enemies. At present, China has six attack nuclear submarines, three SSBNs and 53 Diesel-electric attack submarines.
The report compared the SSBNs between China and Russia and found out that China’s Jin-SSBN is noisier than the Russian Delta III-class submarines built more than 30 years ago.
Link to the report:http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/oni/pla-navy.pdf
The Type 094 (also referred to as Type 09-IV, NATO reporting name: Jin class) is the PLA Navy’s second-generation nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), succeeding the Type 092 (Xia class) SSBN of a single hull commissioned in 1983. The Type 094 was designed by CSIC’s Wuhan 2nd Ship Design Institute (also known as 719 Institute) in Wuhan, Hubei Province and built by CSIC’s Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. (previously known as Bohai Shipyard) in Huludao, Liaoning Province.
The Type 094 SSBN bears many similarities with the Type 093 Shang class nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN), suggesting that the two submarines share the same design baseline. The submarine features a water-drop shape hull, with a pair of fin-mounted hydroplanes and four diving planes.
The dive displacement of the submarine was estimated to be 8,000~9,000 tonnes. The Type 094 has yet approached the performance and capability of modern Russian and Western SSBN designs, especially in quietness and missile number. However, once fully operational, it will offer the PLA Navy with a much more credible sea-based nuclear retaliation capability than that offered by its predecessor Type 092 Xia class.
The Type 094 has the capacity to carry 12 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM). The JuLang 2 SLBM designed and developed by CASIC 4th Academy is a three-stage, solid-propellant strategic ballistic missile. It is a derivation of the land-based DongFeng 31 (DF-31) intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). The maximum range of the JuLang 2 was estimated to be 7,000~8,000km, three times that of the first-generation JuLang 1 SLBM used by the Type 092.
Each JuLang 2 can carry a single thermalnuclear warhead of 25~1,000kt yield. Alternatively, the missile was said to be able to carry three or more 90kT multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRV), though this cannot be confirmed.
The submarine is fitted with sophisticated sonar systems, including bow-mounted sonar and H/SQC-207 flank-mounted sonar. Three flank-mounted sonar arrays are clearly visible on the hull of the submarine.
The submarine’s propulsion system is believed to be nuclear, turbo-electric arrangement, consisting of one pressurised water reactor (PWR), with one shaft.
Displacement: (Dived) 8,000~9,000t
Missile: 12 X JL-2 SLBM
ONI Report: China’s Jin-SSBN is too noisy
Oni Report: China’s Jin-ssbn Is Too Noisy
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